Govecs, the leading European manufacturer of electric scooters, has just announced that it inked its first deal in the UK.The company says it has signed a letter of intent with a UK company regarding the delivery of 6,000 e-scooters for the London shared-vehicles market. more…The post Govecs plans to put 6,000 retro electric scooters on the streets of London appeared first on Electrek. Source: Charge Forward
Author Liberty Access TechnologiesPosted on October 1, 2018Categories Electric Vehicle News Source: Motorsport Watch A Tesla Race A Superbike, Formula 1 Car, Jet, Airplane & More With major manufacturers such as Mercedes and Porsche signed up to join soon, there are concerns about costs getting out of control, and Agag says it is important for FE to focus on the right areas for development, even if that means disagreements with the manufacturers.“What is key is to keep the road relevance, and we’ve been having some very interesting discussions with these OEMs about what our generation three car is going to be like,” Agag said at the Motorsport Leaders Business Forum in London.“We are really fortunate to have a close working relationship with the FIA, we’re really aligned, so the FIA and the promoter have the same objectives, to control costs and be road relevant.“To give you an example, and this is not final, for generation three, one school of thought is four-wheel drive, another is ultra-fast charging.“For me it’s a very clear choice: the first four-wheel drive car was on the road in 1901, so somebody tell me where is the innovation with four-wheel drive? I don’t see it.“Super-fast charging can change the world of electric cars. You go to the electric station, whatever you call it, and in two minutes your battery is full.“That will be road relevant, so it’s very clear to me the roads we need to take and the roads we don’t need to take.“It’s not always so easy to explain to the big OEMs who have super expertise on four-wheel drive.”Agag said the new car, which will race for three seasons before it is replaced by the third-generation machinery, was the brainchild of FIA president Jean Todt, after they both came up with ideas for the Gen2.“I didn’t want that car actually,” he said. “We had two designs.“Jean did a design and I did a design, or I had people helping us do a design, and I liked my design and Jean liked his design.“Obviously, we have the Jean Todt design and I have to say, Jean’s design is way better than my design.“When I saw the car made, I sent a text to Jean and I said, ‘Listen, Jean, you were right and I was wrong, your design is amazing’.“This is another lesson: when Jean has his mind set on something it’s just better to think about something else – he’s going to go for it.” Check Out The Works BMW Formula E Car Watch Audi RS3 With Formula E Motors Get Tested Source: Electric Vehicle News The electric single-seater series is introducing its Gen2 car for its fifth season, which gets underway in Saudi Arabia on December 15.More Formula E News Formula E CEO Alejandro Agag says he has pushed back against suggestions the series should introduce four-wheel drive as one of the innovations for its third-generation car.
Source: Electric Vehicle News Kia e-Niro Interior Overview: It’s More Spacious Than Kona: Video What do folks at the 2018 Paris Motor Show think of the Kia e-Niro?First impressions of the 2019 Kia e-Niro have been outstanding. Most reviews we’ve read, written, and shared have been packed with a plethora of positive takeaways. Now, Kia’s new all-electric crossover has made its way to the 2018 Paris Motor Show and many people are getting to see it in the flesh for the first time. Of course, they’re unable to test drive the car, but they can see it, size it up, sit inside, and learn all about its specs.More Kia Niro EV (e-Niro) Content: Kia’s new video is brief, but it does a nice job of showing off the e-Niro, complete with people’s quotes across the bottom of the screen. Overall, the attendees seem impressed by the crossover’s styling, overall size, interior space, cabin quality, and range. It’s evident that Kia is making great strides with its vehicles in general, and especially exciting that the Korean automaker is making a concerted effort in the electric vehicle space.Unfortunately, these cars won’t be readily available in many areas, at least initially. Kia and Hyundai EV production isn’t intended to be large-scale at first, and on our shores, the vehicles will only be sold in select states. However, this is still the early stages of what could turn out to be a much more substantial push for the EV segment is a whole.Video Description via Kia Motors Worldwide on YouTube:First Impression | e-Niro | KiaAttendees at #PMS2018 talk about what they love most about the #eNiro, #Kia’s first all-electric crossover. #KiaeNiro #ParisMotorShow2018 Robert de Niro Introduces Kia e-Niro Watch Kia e-Niro Get The Autogefühl Treatment At Paris Debut Author Liberty Access TechnologiesPosted on October 26, 2018Categories Electric Vehicle News
Source: Electric Vehicles Magazine The company is also working on a next-generation boring machine, as well as several innovations to make tunneling simpler and cheaper. Musk said existing tunnel boring companies spend only about 10 minutes per hour actually boring – the rest of the time is spent installing tunnel reinforcements and dealing with dirt removal. He sees a potential 15x improvement in the speed of boring by designing a more efficient system.The Boring Company also has an idea to compress the waste dirt into bricks that can be sold or given away and used to build structures – according to Musk, dirt removal can represent up to 15% of the total cost of a tunnel. Musk cited the pyramids and Sphinx of Egypt as examples of the possibilities, and the company demonstrated the technique by building a watchtower with bricks made from the dirt dug from the test tunnel. Some people see problems and complain about them on Facebook. When Elon Musk sees a problem, he starts a company to solve it. The Boring Company’s mission is to relieve traffic congestion via a two-part strategy: reducing the cost of boring tunnels and developing an autonomous transport system to move cars through the tunnels.The company’s original vision involved an “electric skate” on which vehicles would be transported through the tunnel. It has now abandoned that idea, and developed “tracking wheels” that attach to a vehicle and allow it to ride on a pair of shelves along the sides of the tunnel. The Boring Company demonstrated the system this week in Los Angeles.At the launch event, Musk said the tracking wheels could be added to a vehicle as an aftermarket product for “$200 to $300,” and could theoretically be installed on non-Tesla vehicles (although the vehicle needs to be an EV with autonomous capabilities, which makes a Tesla the only practical option at the moment).Electrek was treated to a demonstration ride in a tracking wheel-equipped Model X. “While the wheels basically convert the Model X into a train, it was a surprisingly bumpy ride, which the company attributed to some experimentation with the shelves on each side of the tunnel,” writes Fred Lambert. Source: Electrek
Source: Charge Forward Aidan McClean rented a lot of cars during his years of business travel. After visiting nearly every international airport in Europe and the U.S., and trying all sorts of different rental companies, the experience never got any better. “It just didn’t work,” he said.So he started his own car rental company — and it only rents EVs. more…The post All-electric car rental service UFODRIVE aims high appeared first on Electrek.
Researchers from the Fraunhofer Institute for Chemical Technology and the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology have developed a new method for cooling electric motors, which could help reduce the weight of EVs. With the new cooling method, motors can be housed in lighter-weight polymer materials, and they also benefit from increased efficiency and power density.The new method involves directly cooling the stator and rotor, the two components of an electric motor. Currently, the typical cooling method is to conduct heat from the stator through the motor’s metal housing into a cooling sleeve filled with cold water. In the new method, the researchers replaced the conventional round wires in the stator with rectangular flat wire, creating space for an integrated cooling channel.“In this optimized design, the heat losses can be dissipated through the cooling channel inside the stator, eliminating the need to transport the heat through the metal housing to an exterior cooling sleeve,” said researcher Robert Maertens. “In fact, you no longer need a cooling sleeve at all in this concept. It offers other benefits, too, including lower thermal inertia and higher continuous output from the motor.”Coolant circuit in the statorThe direct-cooling solution also allowed the researchers to replace the metal housing of the motor with lighter-weight polymer materials.“Polymer housings are lightweight and easier to produce than aluminum housings,” said Maertens. “They also lend themselves to complex geometries without requiring post-processing, so we made some real savings on overall weight and cost.”So far, the new design has only been validated through simulation, in which the researchers found it can dissipate 80 percent of the expected heat from the electric motor. The next step is to assemble the motor and validate its performance in real-world operation. Source: Fraunhofer Institute for Chemical Technology Source: Electric Vehicles Magazine
At any rate, below we’ve included an image of the Tesla pricing spreadsheet. In addition, you can click here to access Google Doc for your enjoyment.Hat tip to Aldrich for producing and providing the spreadsheet! Source: Electric Vehicle News Let’s take a closer look at Tesla’s numerous price changes.One of our avid readers taken the time to put a nifty chart together that tracks the price changes of the Tesla Model 3, Model S, and Model X. It even includes some speculation about Model Y pricing. However, since Tesla has yet to reveal Model Y prices, that entry simply serves as an estimate, but moreso, a place to include future entries. We can only assume — based on Tesla’s track record — there will be many price adjustments to the Model Y section of the chart, as well as all other Tesla models.More Tesla News: Tesla Model Y Reveal: Watch Livestream, Pre Show, Post Drives Here The hard part for Tesla is that people expect a price and comes across as “entitled” to make the automaker to stick to it. Legacy automakers may “stick” to a price, at least in terms of MSRP and invoice. However, prices change all the time for almost every car. Deals are new every month, different markets offer varying prices and deals, and demand (or lack thereof) can impact vehicle pricing and incentives considerably.Regardless of potential demand, why does Tesla keep changing prices?Sadly (depending on how you look at it), due to Tesla’s intense commitment to owners, it has made incredible leaps to passify complaining owners. Honestly, at InsideEVs, we wish the Silicon Valley electric car maker would just tell people they’re out of luck. While it stinks if someone gets a better price than you or gets options at a cheaper price, it’s reality. Some people just need grow up and deal with the real world situation. Or, they could send Tesla a refund check if they get a better deal or cheaper options than the next buyer. Right? Never gonna happen!If Tesla didn’t have to constantly appease its audience, mainstream media, and stock reporting publications, it may be able to just set a price and run with it. CEO Elon Musk tweeted some valid points recently, yet he still works too hard to make fans happy:Our “list” prices are our actual prices. Software (and automotive) vary prices frequently by changing the discount or rebate.— Elon Musk (@elonmusk) March 12, 2019 When prices go down, those who already bought want the lower price, but, if prices go up, those who already bought don’t want to write Tesla a check. So it goes.— Elon Musk (@elonmusk) March 12, 2019 Here’s A Guide To Choose Your Tesla Model 3 Before Prices Go Up Tesla Launches Base Model 3: Here’s The Price Author Liberty Access TechnologiesPosted on March 14, 2019Categories Electric Vehicle News
Source: Electric Vehicle News BYD Yuan To Get EV500 Version With 500 KM Range The 2019 Yuan EV360 has been upgraded in configurators over the 2018 version. The entire model series comes standard with aluminum alloy rims, leather-covered seats, anti-lock braking system, automatic air-conditioner and tire pressure monitor system, etc. Besides, the mid-spec version carries such facilities as in-car infotainment system dubbed “CarPad”, panoramic sunroof, automotive backup camera, event data recorder and PM2.5 filter. The top-spec version boasts 360-degree holographic display, side curtain air bags as well as anti-pinch windows.Powering the new vehicle is a permanent magnet synchronous generator that produces up to 70kW and 180N·m, and a 43.2kWh ternary-lithium battery pack with an energy density of 126.91Wh/kg. The 2019 Yuan EV360 features a combined range of 305km, according to BYD’s introduction.Source: Gasgoo BYD Posts Surging Plug-In Electric Car Sales New version beats the outgoing model.The Yuan EV360 is a small-sized all-electric SUV launched by BYD in last May. On March 9, its all-new version hit the market with 3 variants priced between RMB 89,900 and RMB109,900 after subsidy.The 2019 BYD Yuan EV360 still adopts BYD’s iconic “Dragon Face” design language with its exterior basically remaining the same over the existing model. Immediately above the closed-off grille is a chrome trim that stretches across the entire front face.The new model measures 4,360mm long, 1,785mm wide and 1,690mm tall, the same as the outgoing model. Wheelbase for the all-new BEV is 2,535mm.More From BYD Author Liberty Access TechnologiesPosted on March 14, 2019Categories Electric Vehicle News BYD Launches New Yuan EV535 Electric SUV
Volkswagen continues to trademark multiple names for future EVs.According to a recent story, VW filed paperwork with the European Intellectual Property Office to reserve more names for its upcoming hybrid and electric cars. The automaker specifically classified the requests under categories that pertain to batteries, chargers, and electric vehicles, among others.The interesting part of the situation is that they’re not really names that lend themselves to individual vehicle monikers, or at least they don’t appear to be. Rather, it almost seems as is they’re trim levels or variants of vehicles.More Volkswagen EV News: Volkswagen Teases Full-Size Electric SUV I.D. ROOMZZ Wait, what does this even mean?Well, first of all, even though VW previously trademarked the names I.D. 1 through I.D. 9, this doesn’t mean that the future cars will carry those names. Now, added to the list are Power Hybrid, Range Hybrid, and Pure Hybrid. We really have no clue how this is going to work. Hypothetically, VW could offer an I.D. 9 Power Hybrid or I.D. 4 Pure Hybrid, etc.VWVortex suggests that these could be “badges” related to each car’s usefulness or role. For instance, Power Hybrid is the performance-based model, Range Hybrid is the long-range variant, and Pure Hybrid may sit somewhere in between? Of course, Pure Hybrid may not be a plug-in at all.There’s a chance that none of these cars/variants will have plugs. However, the trademark classification seems to suggest so. Still, it makes sense that each would be a different variant of a particular model. Tesla now categorizes its cars similarly, with Standard Range, Long Range, Performance. The story goes on to say that VW also requested to trademark Range and Range S. Perhaps these are the pure-electric variants, since the word “hybrid” is missing? Who knows?Regardless of what any of these names may mean or how Volkswagen chooses to use them (or not), they’re another piece of evidence that points to the automaker’s continued efforts for future electrified vehicles.Source: VWVortex via hybridCARS VW’s I.D. Family Of Electric Cars Will Welcome Many Entry-Level Variants Author Liberty Access TechnologiesPosted on April 4, 2019Categories Electric Vehicle News Volkswagen Trademarks I.D. 1 Through I.D. 9 Source: Electric Vehicle News
Mercedes-Benz customers are expected to feel comfortable switching to electric with the EQCSource: Electric Vehicle News
Portugal is one of those markets in Europe where the Nissan LEAF remains the best-selling electric car.Source: Electric Vehicle News
Reply 4 Twitter Close report comment form 0 1 As my brother Jon is a filthy Palace fan, I have to be Machiavellian about these maters with my nephew.It’s for the greater good after all. Share on Facebook Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Shares11 Share on Twitter Share on Twitter Share Last Sunday I took a friend’s five-year-old son to Upton Park to see the Hammers beaten by Manchester United. It was part of a campaign to indoctrinate young Oliver into a life of supporting West Ham and the vehemence with which I undertook his inculcation would be frowned upon by even the most ardent stalwarts of al-Qaida; “Calm down,” they might say, “let him make his own mind up.”The first half was goalless and Oliver was sat with his father and was far more interested in Coca-Cola, which he, like most children, unquestioningly regards as some celestial liquor; were he not so stupidly young I would assume that he thought it to contain properties that grant eternal youth – perhaps it does, he does look young, perhaps that’s his secret. Somehow Coca-Cola, which is essentially just a brown drink, has successfully convinced a five-year-old that their product is more important than a Premier League clash between the champions of Europe and the most romantic club in the world.The young man’s mind remained enraptured with effervescent sludge through the first 45 minutes and during the half-time interval – usurping even the presence of West Ham legend Tony Cottee, who visited us in our corporate, corporeal box (sorry, it’s just you get a cup of tea with crossed hammers on the saucer – who can resist that? Who?). Tony may, in dimensional terms, be smaller than a sexy little bottle of Coke, but he certainly has a lot more fizz, but in the eyes of a child “there ain’t nothing like the real thing”.I determined that in the second half I would enthuse the youngster with the prospect of a squandered life of unfulfilled potential; following West Ham is the football-supporting equivalent of glue-sniffing, so obviously the first thing I had to do was separate him from his fuddy-duddy daddy, who was granting the malleable tot all manner of superfluous autonomy and care.With him safely perched upon my knee I had full access to his brain via his little lughole. I gave him his own whispered, personal, highly partisan commentary which made up for what it lacked in factual accuracy with bone-chilling propaganda, anti-Manc-scaremongering and filthy lies. Here are some exerts from that commentary which Joseph Goebbels would’ve called “one-sided and prejudicial”.First I had to set up the distinction between the teams – “the ones in white, Ollie, usually they wear red and are called the Red Devils – because they are so evil. In fact that fella way out on the right, No7, juggling the ball, see him? He can only do that as he makes daily, human sacrifices to Satan.” He looked up at me with his beautiful, open face: “Really, uncle Russell?” I stared into the perfect eyes that searched my own for signs of duplicity. “Yes.” I replied unflinchingly “Usually little boys.” He nodded nervously. “The ones we like are in claret and blue, they are brave men and they love children.” He eyed me quizzically: “They seem confused – they keep kicking the ball out.” “They’re just excited,” I said.When Ryan Giggs scored a rare right‑footed goal, I told Oliver that Manchester United win matches because they have more money than us and they cheat. I pointed to Mark Noble and said: “He’s from Leytonstone, where you’re from – one day you could play for West Ham.” I don’t know if Mark Noble is from Leytonstone or if Ollie could ever cut it as a pro, but I said it with commitment and I saw that he was beginning to be seduced.When vocal waves of disapproval went around the ground – condemning the woeful refereeing – Ollie took his hands from over his ears and began to join the mob; I rewarded his compliance with more delicious cans of tooth decay. By the match’s end I had entirely brainwashed the innocent – we stepped into the disgruntled, ambulant sea that is post-whistle Green Street while I louchely tattooed the willing youngster with the insignia of the ICF. The process made me question my own inherited allegiance; was I conveying a valuable gift to the next generation or bequeathing a miserable burden upon the progeny of a chum?Has supporting West Ham made me a happier man? This can never be ascertained, of course, and was only even examined in retrospect, after I’d been into the club shop and bedecked the boy in claret and blue from the top of his head to the tip of his shoes. Having learned the lessons of the carbonated sex-pop company that consumerism is the way to a child’s affections, I served up cuddly toys, pencil cases, kits and an alarm clock – all tokens of his new enforced identity.Richard Dawkins rightly scoffs at the idea of “a Muslim baby or a Christian birth”, observing that these attributes are acquired and not innate and that it would be absurd to refer to a baby as a “Stoke City fan” or a “violinist” – perhaps that’s why these non-genetic traits are so zealously pushed. As yet I have no sons and thus hope in my dotage, should that ever be achieved, I’ll seek comfort as the light dies from a man I once held, amidst a crowd that to him then seemed infinite, and we’ll talk of faded dreams in claret and blue. | Pick 14 Feb 2009 9:50 0 1 Topics | Pick Twitter expanded Share Subs – please fix the sub-header, currently reads – Joseph Gobbels would have felt the grooming of a five-year-old to be ‘one-sided and prejudicial’Thought it was a pun at first… Share on Twitter *69 forever*Never die.x Reply Report MarcelaProust Reply Share Twitter Share Share Russell Brand Share delhiblue Facebook Facebook 14 Feb 2009 8:45 14 Feb 2009 9:19 Share via Email Share on Twitter Simply Share Share on Facebook Fri 13 Feb 2009 19.36 EST 3 Share on LinkedIn Loading comments… Trouble loading? Report | Pick Share on Facebook Share on Facebook Report | Pick Share 14 Feb 2009 8:53 Reply Share on Twitter | Pick Just some of the delights on offer outside Upton Park. Photograph: Tom Jenkins/Tom Jenkins Very amusing, fans must be indoctrinated as early as possible. I think most fans will identify with this blog.Otherwise this young potential will be swallowed up by the promises of the ‘Ministry of Truth’ at Old Trafford and the Kings Road and their “Ignorance is Strength” promises. | Pick gixxerman006 Share on Facebook 0 1 | Pick Reply | Pick blogposts Share on Facebook 25 0 1 Twitter Share on Facebook Share on Facebook TheInsightfulOne Share on Facebook Share on Facebook | Pick Share on Messenger Joseph Goebbels would have felt the grooming of a five-year-old to be ‘one-sided and prejudicial’ Share on Facebook Twitter Report 14 Feb 2009 9:47 Cynara Support The Guardian Share ‘As yet I have no sons and thus hope in my dotage, should that ever be achieved, I’ll seek comfort as the light dies from a man I once held, amidst a crowd that to him then seemed infinite, and we’ll talk of faded dreams in claret and blue.’What are you writing about here ?Firstly are you hoping you spawn progeny or that you avoid the onset of inadvertent trips down the local Sainsburys Metro to fetch a single bar electric fire wearing your nightie and slippers at 2 in the afternoon?Is the man you once held your nephew, or yer da ? If its the former then its unlikely he’ll ever be able to aid you with your fading ‘ammers bygones as you’ve suckered him like you’ve been suckered yourself by inane products and a once great Product that has now become instantly forgettable. He’s a five year old watching ra match from a corporate box, for crying out loud.If it was you old man, then it still don’t make no sense to this ere party.Hardly what I expected from you on Valentine’s Day.Anyway on this day then, I’ll salute the team that first seduced me one evening at Ibrox back in ’82, ….Away up in Gorgie at Tynecastle Park,There’s a wee fitba team …Aye, Heart of Midlothian Football club … broke my heart many a time but she’ll always be my one and only. First published on Fri 13 Feb 2009 19.36 EST Reply Please select Personal abuse Off topic Legal issue Trolling Hate speech Offensive/Threatening language Copyright Spam Other Share Report Facebook Russell Brand’s Urban DictionaryHammers Someone who doesn’t think by physical boundaries and who visions of happiness and peace for mankindbeaten by Manchester UnitedThe reason so many people don’t believe in GOD. Also known as high school.Giggs’ right‑footed goalSomething which, by definition, does not exist.a squandered life of unfulfilled potentialLiving in MidlandsJoseph GoebbelsAn ex girlfriend’s mother. A person who is basically scared, small, unintelligent, unable to articulate a coherent thought, unable to write a coherence sentence for GU sportblogthe goalless first halfTo describe something that is way awesomeinterested in Coca-ColaA Scouser in exilesomeone who takes a friend’s five-year-old son to Upton ParkA man who spent all hit money on a woman and got nothing out of ita “Stoke City fan”Used to be an insult, but now some people willingly call themselves this all the timethe Red Devils The mysterious force. Can be used to enchant wepons, destroy monsters, commit mass genocide, slay power rangers, make amulets, animate the dead, imbue yourself with holy power, turn people to stone, light things on fire, teleport, manipulate time, artificially inseminate cows, rid the world of its pesky magnetic field, and cause the sun to supernovaa life of supporting West HamNot amusing; agonizing. Like sleeping but with eyes open. When your tired and everything’s quiet and not fun anymore Twitter 0 1 Reason (optional) 2 Facebook Share on Facebook Facebook 14 Feb 2009 15:50 Share Share on Facebook Report Share on Facebook Twitter | Pick 3 14 Feb 2009 8:42 14 Feb 2009 9:25 Report I can only surmise that the curtailing of your trips to the good old US of A, allied to the sudden reduction in professional commitments have brought you back to your Wham roots Russ, as your blogs over the past few weeks have clearly been sport related.You’re even going to Upton Park again. And sure, your 5-year-old nephew is no Britney Spears, but isn’t he just lovely company? You’re well out of it mate.But if you’re reading this too Oliver, don’t listen to Uncle Russ. Get yourself down the Lane for the full-on, match-going experience.Or did you make him up too Russ? 0 1 Report 3xotro cable1973 Share on Twitter Twitter | Pick Brainwashing kids, tut tut Russ, although I do the same with my nephews when they watch Rangers.Hope your throat gets better mate, i’m down with the same thing actually, wouldve been a shame to have seen you on sunday and not be able to laugh for fear of the inevitable pain. 14 Feb 2009 14:48 100 Report | Pick A genius article! There is no doubt that Man U are truely evil, cheat and spend loads of money.Why do you change your pic on the main page Russel? 0 1 offsideintahiti 14 Feb 2009 17:24 Share Facebook FanOfNoOne Share West Ham United Twitter Facebook Report Report Report 0 1 0 1 0 1 DivDee Sportblog 14 Feb 2009 12:55 Share on Facebook unknownboulder Share on Twitter I think you did the right thing, although some may question your methods. But if it gets the job done.I always feel sorry for those dads whose sons/daughters have turned their allegiance to Man U/ Arsenal/ Chelsea/ Liverpool leaving their dad’s to deal with the relegation fear and the joy of the extended cup run.Some might say supporting a struggling team is character building, a total nightmare might be a better description, but that’s nothing compared to the idea of my offspring proudly sporting one of the above shirts (nothing personal-but surely every dad wants their son on their side). vinciar 14 Feb 2009 9:16 14 Feb 2009 10:32 14 Feb 2009 10:41 Report | Pick Report Reply Report Reply Reply Share on Twitter Share on Twitter | Pick Share Share on Facebook 0 1 Share on Pinterest Facebook pondwatching Comments 80 redchris40 Share on Twitter 0 1 Share on Twitter One of Mr Brand’s very best pieces.It made me laugh out loud.Thanks. Report Share on Twitter 14 Feb 2009 9:13 Share “Give me the child for seven years,and I will give you the man.”This was from the Jesuits I think. Funny, they also played in Claret and Blue. unthreaded Facebook recommendations 0 1 comments (80)Sign in or create your Guardian account to join the discussion. 0 1 Premier League Share on Facebook Report Share on Facebook Twitter 14 Feb 2009 10:03 pacotin tightrope 0 1 0 1 Twitter Since you’re here… Reply Sign in or create your Guardian account to recommend a comment Very funny stuff.That also goes for miroljub. This is your best dictionary yet. | Pick I am going to call the Daily Mail grooming, coca cola, devil worshipping, tattooing a five year old and he wants to be a father. I have never read such awful rubbish and borderline paedophilia do you think we can whip up enough media scare stories and get this blog banned.When i took my son to the footy it was a similar story apart from he just wanted to see the mascot and was gutted at half time that it did not make a reapearance. Report Share Share on Twitter Twitter Share Facebook Facebook smifee Sportblog newest Share Twitter Share on Twitter This comment was removed by a moderator because it didn’t abide by our community standards. Replies may also be deleted. For more detail see our FAQs. 14 Feb 2009 12:22 Reply Right, I’m calling the social services. 0 1 Share Twitter Sorry there was an error. Please try again later. If the problem persists, please contact Userhelp | Pick 14 Feb 2009 13:23 Nice, sums up the passion and insanity of it all.Celestial liquor and Coca cola in the same sentence – life is truly a wonder.One question – what are you going to tell him about Millwall or Spurs then? I shudder to think….. Reply 50 | Pick Twitter collapsed Twitter Share on Twitter West Ham United Share on Facebook 14 Feb 2009 14:46 Reply Reply Reply Heliconius peteinshanghai Facebook Share Share via Email Report Facebook Report Reply Show 25 Excellent as usual.My 5 yr old isn’t really interested in footy yet, more like lego, so I’ll let him find enlightenment in his own time. He was impressed seeing his dad on telly in Moscow last May though.But his best mate’s dad is citeh, so as usual for those sorts, his offspring is brainwashed from an early age, dressed head to toe in cheap merchandise to counter the inevitable seduction of his son to go over to the glorious side of Manchester.Trouble is, my lad’s started to mention how he likes the eagle on the (all of 4 yrs old, real tradition) ciddy badge. Don’t know how long to leave it until I rescue him from a lifetime of mockery and ridicule.But then again, its only football, and he loves his best buddy , so hakuna matata eh?Mind you, I can’t say what I’ve had to tell him about lfc or the moderator will be on me. Reply lovely read russel, from over here in the La ,And the US of A, such insight and emotion seems rare…. P in LA LA Land of surf. Ah, how fondly I recall my one time at Upton Pk.I got my ticket thanks to a pal now passed on (RIP Gordon) so I had to sit in with the WHU fans.It was the final game of the 95/96 season, 1 -1, Andy Cole missed a sitter, no-one thought Liverpool would battle Blackburn but they not only did but beat them too.A win and the title was Man Utds.Ah well.Can’t win em all.The highlight was hearing some loud Eastend bloke screaming at the then well know Irish international “Keane you northern c*nt!”A cradle of sheer class and true sophistication, obviously.:P 14 Feb 2009 16:22 Facebook Share on Twitter | Pick Report Reply 1 Facebook goonerinoman | Pick 0 1 Share Why must young boys strive to find the touch of a golden era when all around them enshrines a belief in the almighty goal. One goal is good enough and if West Ham had’ve equalised who would have denied them, for that matter a winner. But till the end it comes to pass.What memories will remain for this little chap?More to the point what is football? Why do five cycles of 24 hours role by for us only to be faced with the replica of what went before. Our lives will amount to more and so to may this lad’s. He can be Obama, he can be Hillary or he could just play darts, Suit himself, with luck in claret and blue, but noble he will be.But they’re a good side and we had our chances. It’s a game a two halves with 22 men on a green field. The first goal was always going to be important and as long as we were playing we felt we could score.YOU HAVE TO TAKE YOUR CHANCESYOU HAVE TO TAKE YOUR CHANCESYOU HAVE TO TAKE YOUR CHANCES 14 Feb 2009 13:02 Facebook 1 Facebook … we have a small favour to ask. The Guardian will engage with the most critical issues of our time – from the escalating climate catastrophe to widespread inequality to the influence of big tech on our lives. 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Every reader contribution, big or small, is so valuable. Support The Guardian from as little as $1 – and it only takes a minute. Thank you. Share on Twitter Share on Twitter 14 Feb 2009 13:41 0 1 Reuse this content,View all comments > Share on WhatsApp Facebook cable1973 | Pick Reply Twitter Twitter Reply | Pick Facebook 0 1 Share on Facebook Share on Facebook | Pick Facebook All oldest This comment was removed by a moderator because it didn’t abide by our community standards. Replies may also be deleted. For more detail see our FAQs. 14 Feb 2009 13:07 14 Feb 2009 18:09 Twitter This comment was removed by a moderator because it didn’t abide by our community standards. Replies may also be deleted. For more detail see our FAQs. 4 Reply Share on Twitter Facebook 0 1 Share on Twitter Reply Report Share BurntheDailyMail Share on Twitter Facebook Twitter 14 Feb 2009 18:22 Share on Facebook what a lucky man this russel brand is, getting paid for week in week out for such drivel…step aside and allow space for actual talent miroljub Report 0 1 Threads collapsed Share on Twitter 2 Twitter Brown fizz and Green Street is the real thing Ruperty Twitter Share on Twitter My old man turned me into a hammers supporter well over forty years ago. I still have issues about that. All I asked for was a cowboy outfit… Email (optional) Order by oldest Share on Facebook View more comments
This weekend, our favorite statute, the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, turns 37.President Jimmy Carter’s December 20, 1977 signing statement stated in full as follows.“I am pleased to sign into law S. 305, the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977 and the Domestic and Foreign Investment Improved Disclosure Act of 1977. During my campaign for the Presidency, I repeatedly stressed the need for tough legislation to prohibit corporate bribery. S. 305 provides that necessary sanction. I share Congress’s belief that bribery is ethically repugnant and competitively unnecessary. Corrupt practices between corporations and public officials overseas undermine the integrity and stability of governments and harm our relations with other countries. Recent revelations of widespread overseas bribery have eroded public confidence in our basic institutions. This law makes corrupt payments to foreign officials illegal under United States law. It requires publicly held corporations to keep accurate books and records and establish accounting controls to prevent the use of ‘off-the-books’ devices, which have been used to disguise corporate bribes in the past. The law also requires more extensive disclosure of ownership of stocks registered with the [SEC]. These efforts, however, can only be fully successful in combating bribery and extortion if other countries and business itself take comparable action. Therefore, I hope progress will continue in the United Nations toward the negotiation of a treaty on illicit payments. I am also encouraged by the International Chamber of Commerce’s new Code of Ethical Business Practices.”S. 305, of course, did not fall out of the sky onto President Carter’s desk thirty-seven years ago today. Rather, S. 305 was the result of more than two years of Congressional investigation, deliberation, and consideration.If the FCPA is your cup of tea, you owe it to yourself to read the most extensive piece ever written about the FCPA’s history – “The Story of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act.”The article weaves together information and events scattered in the FCPA’s voluminous legislative record to tell the FCPA’s story through original voices of actual participants who shaped the law.Among other things, you will learn: (i) how the foreign corporate payments problem was discovered, specific events that prompted congressional concern, and the policy ramifications of those events which motivated Congress to act; (ii) how seeking new legislative remedies to the foreign corporate payments problem was far from a consensus view of the U.S. government and the divergent views as to a solution; (iii) the many difficult and complex issues Congress encountered in seeking a new legislative remedy; (iv) the two main competing legislative responses to the problem—a disclosure approach as to a broad category of payments and a criminalization approach as to a narrow category of payments, and why Congress opted for the later; and (v) how Congress learned of a variety of foreign corporate payments to a variety of recipients and for a variety of reasons, but how and why Congress intended and accepted in passing the FCPA to capture only a narrow category of such payments.
FCPA Institute – Boston (Oct. 3-4) A unique two-day learning experience ideal for a diverse group of professionals seeking to elevate their FCPA knowledge and practical skills through active learning. Learn more, spend less. CLE credit is available. Learn More & Register Yesterday was Father’s Day.With twin 10-year old boys, Father is just one of my titles. Referee and Compliance Officer being a few others. As to the later, Co-Compliance Officer along with my wife is the more accurate title (I wonder what the “Compliance 2.0” [or are we on to 3.0 now] folks would say about this structure)?Father’s Day is a chance to reflect and to be sure being a Dad has informed my view of many things including compliance. When you really think about, compliance and parenting have a lot in common.There are some general legal parameters that govern the act of parenting, yet most parenting is left to the discretion of the parent subject to rather loose “reasonableness” standards. Indeed, parenting is largely a “standardless” endeavor.The same is generally true for compliance. For example, issuers subject to the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act’s internal controls provisions have an obligation to “devise and maintain a system of internal accounting controls sufficient to provide reasonable assurances that,” generally speaking, corporate assets are properly used and accounted for. Beyond this, the internal controls provisions lack any explicit standards.As the internal controls provisions specifically provide, the statutory standard is not absolute, but rather subject to a reasonableness requirement, a concept the FCPA specifically defines as “such level of detail and degree of assurance as would satisfy prudent officials in the conduct of their own affairs.” In other words, cost/benefit as well as balance are inherent in the FCPA’s internal controls provisions. Indeed, in its earliest FCPA Guidance (1981), the SEC explicitly rejected the notion that internal controls “conform to a standard of absolute exactitude or that a company’s control system meet some absolute ideal.” On this issue, the SEC stated:“Inherent in [the reasonableness] concept is a toleration of deviations from the absolute. One measure of the reasonableness of a system relates to whether the expected benefits from improving it would be significantly greater than the anticipated costs of doing so. Thousands of dollars ordinarily should not be spent conserving hundreds.”The SEC further stated: “The test of a company’s internal control system is not whether occasional failings can occur. Those will happen in the most ideally managed company.”This balance inherent in the internal controls provisions has been formally acknowledged by the government on several other occasions. For instance, in a 1999 Staff Accounting Bulletin the SEC stated: “The concept of reasonableness of necessity contemplates the weighing of a number of relevant factors, including the costs of compliance.” Most recently, in the 2012 FCPA Guidance, the government acknowledged:“The term ‘reasonable detail’ is defined in the statute as the level of detail that would ‘satisfy prudent officials in the conduct of their own affairs.’ Thus, as Congress noted when it adopted this definition, ‘[t]he concept of reasonableness of necessity contemplates the weighing of a number of relevant factors, including the costs of compliance.’”Enough of that technical legal stuff, back to parenting.A common thought/concern I have as a Father is whether I am doing enough to provide for my family, enrich the lives of my boys, and set them on a path for success.In short, I sometimes ponder the family’s “internal controls.” Am I acting “reasonable”? Am I acting consistent with “best practices”? Are there even “best practices” for parenting?Pondering these questions began even before the boys were born.I’ve never been one to turn the ordinary into the complex. For instance, people have been having children since the beginning of time. Yet upon learning we were having twins, the thought entered my mind: would it be a “best practice” to attend a birthing class? To borrow from the FCPA’s internal controls provisions, would that be “reasonable” – more specifically – is that what a “prudent” expectant father of twins would do? Upon conferring with my wife and both determining that we were acting reasonably, we did not enroll in a birthing class.Yet here is where parenting and compliance can diverge.If a “red flag” occurred during the pregnancy that we did not recognize (but would have recognized if we enrolled in a “best practice” birthing class) would we, as parents, lacked effective internal controls?The good thing about parenting is that an assessment of “reasonableness” takes place in real-time and without the benefit of perfect hindsight. In the current enforcement climate however, it seems that an assessment of “reasonableness” takes place after the fact (sometimes years after the fact) when the end story is know and there will always be an opportunity to look back and say “woulda, coulda, shoulda.”Fast forward to when the boys were toddlers. As parents, we did our best to “contain” the toddlers. Gates in the house and constant supervision when outside the house (is that “reasonable” parenting or perhaps “helicopter” parenting).Yet, as the internal controls provisions instruct, “inherent in [the reasonableness] concept is a toleration of deviations from the absolute.” The test of a company’s internal control system is not whether occasional failings can occur. Those will happen in the most ideally managed company.”Even in our “most ideally managed family,” there were deviations from the absolute.One of the most dramatic occurred when staying at an out-of-state hotel. While waiting for friends in the lobby and keeping a “reasonably” watchful eye on the boys, one wandered on top of a chair, lost his balance and feel head first onto the tile floor. Blood everywhere, frantic 911 call, and a trip to emergency room in an ambulance followed. In the end, thankfully just some stitches.Here again is where parenting and compliance diverge.Were we bad parents because this happened? It would be easy, with the perfect benefit of hindsight, to list several things we could have and should have done differently in that brief moment of time. Yet, our actions as parents are not viewed in isolation, but rather holistically. After all, a bad outcome does not necessarily suggest bad parenting and deviations from the absolute occur in even the most ideally managed families.Yet, when it comes to the internal controls provisions why – despite the above statutory terms and enforcement agency guidance – does conduct tend to be viewed with the perfect benefit of hindsight? Why do the enforcement agencies look at things in isolation (one transaction, one third party, one employee in one business unit) and judge the company based on that, rather than look at things holistically? Why in the compliance space are bad outcomes often viewed as bad compliance?As the boys got older they evolved and so did our parenting. Call it “continuous improvement” and the DOJ’s February 2017 Evaluation of Corporate Compliance Programs state: “How often has the company updated its risk assessments and reviewed its compliance policies, procedures, and practices?”“Compliance Officer” / Dad reduced many of the behavioral rules to writing and properly communicated the rules during a family meeting. The executive officers of “Koehler Family Inc.” live a rule-abiding life and a few family rules were even uniquely applicable to Dad and Mom. (Insert “Top at the Top” rhetoric right here).Yet breaches occurred. Does that mean that the family’s “internal controls” were deficient? To be sure, some would view the prior paragraph as just “check-a-box” type of stuff.However, when breaches occurred, they were promptly addressed and remedial actions implemented. Indeed, one remedial action was requiring one of the boys to acknowledge, in writing, the existence of the breached rule and certify his obligation of future compliance. No joke!Occasional breaches still followed and as parents we tried all sorts of rewards and incentives to induce behavior. That’s a “best practice” right? In fact, the DOJ’s Evaluation of Corporate Compliance Programs asks: “How has the company incentivized compliance and ethical behavior?”But then again, the Evaluation of Corporate Compliance Programs asks “how has the company considered the potential negative compliance implications of its incentives and rewards?” As the boys got older, that’s when chores into entered the equation and the question arose: should the boys be paid to help with the dishes, vacuum and other household tasks? The Co-Compliance Officers of Koehler Family Inc. disagreed on this, but let’s just say that if bribery is defined as offering something of value to alter behavior, we tried bribery as well, but at least we lacked corrupt intent (but perhaps there was a random e-mail or text message between the C0-Compliance Officers when viewed in isolation to suggest the contrary).With all of these “best practices” in place, full compliance of course followed.Not.Does that mean that the family’s “internal controls” were deficient? After all, there are only two individuals for which the Co-Compliance Officers are responsible for.Of course not, we were acting reasonably, and even in the most well managed family, deviations from the absolute will occur.Yet why if occasional breaches occur in a business organization do enforcement agency officials often conclude that internal controls were deficient? Unlike the mere two individuals for which “Compliance Officer” / Dad is responsible for, business organizations are responsible for hundreds, thousands, and in some cases, tens of thousands of individuals.As the boys grew older, parenting seemed to become more difficult as third-parties entered into the equation.Gone were the days of 24/7 control as the boys went off to school and we ceded control to others. The birthday invites, after-school play dates, and (the grand-daddy-of-them-all) sleep over requests began to happen.No problem right, all “Compliance Officer” / Dad needed to do was act “reasonably.”But what is “reasonable.”?What is the “best practice” for the appropriate level of “due diligence” on the play-date child and/or his/her parents? When visiting another child’s house, what is the “best practice” for the appropriate level of “due diligence.” Should the parents fill out a detailed questionnaire designed to flush out “red flags” (i.e. are there guns in the house, are medications properly stored)? How much due diligence is enough? Is a site visit required? Is it a “best practice” to conduct a public records search of the parents? What about others in the neighborhood if the kids will be playing outside? Would any of these purported “best practices” have negative collateral consequences for ourselves as parents or for my boys?There are no easy answers to these questions and to borrow a compliance analogy “one size does not fit all” and different circumstances may warrant different levels of due diligence.“Compliance Officer / Dad” finds comfort that my obligation is to act reasonably, as a reasonably prudent Dad would in similar circumstances. Yet as every parent has probably contemplated, what if it turns out there was a gun in the house not properly secured and somebody was injured? What if there were medications in the house that were not properly secured and somebody was injured? With the perfect benefit of hindsight, the questionnaire and/or site visit seem so logical, indeed so “reasonable.”Again this is where parenting and compliance diverge.Just like parents, business organizations struggle with how much due diligence is enough. But here again, the enforcement agencies have the benefit of perfect hindsight and seemingly take the “woulda, coulda, shoulda” theory of enforcement. Sure the company did “some” due diligence on the third party, but with knowledge of the end story, the due diligence could have and should have been deeper and if so the improper conduct would have been averted.In short, there are several parallels between parenting and compliance as the legal standards are often similar, but the consequences for breach seem to be materially different for business organizations than parents.One final thought about being a “Compliance Officer” / Dad.It should be easy, I just ask my parents what their “best practices” were and act accordingly? After all, I turned out OK.Not so easy perhaps. Has parenting evolved?The FCPA’s internal controls provisions have not changed one word in 40 years.But has compliance evolved? There is now a lucrative niche industry that attempts to evolve compliance and make things more complex than it really is. Perhaps you’ve heard about “Compliance 2.0” or is it “Compliance 3.0” that is now the prevailing best standard?I conclude this post with one of my favorite commentaries on parenting (with obvious parallels to compliance). It was written by Dave Barry and appeared in the Wall Street Journal, not in connection with Father’s Day, but in February 2015.Looking back on the parents of his generation, Barry observed.“[T]hey did not worry about providing a perfect, risk-free environment for their children. They loved us, sure. But they didn’t feel obligated to spend every waking minute running interference between us and the world. They were parents, but they were not engaged 24/7 in what we now call “parenting,” this all-consuming job we have created, featuring many crucial child-rearing requirements that my parents’ generation was blissfully unaware of.They didn’t go to prenatal classes, so they didn’t find out all the things that can go wrong when a person has a baby, so they didn’t spend months worrying about those things. They just had their babies, and usually it worked out, the way it has for millions of years. They didn’t have car seats, so they didn’t worry that the car seat they just paid $249 for might lack some feature that the car seat their friends just paid $312 for does have. They didn’t read 37 parenting handbooks written by experts, each listing hundreds, if not thousands, of things they should worry about.It would never have occurred to members of my parents’ generation to try to teach a 2-year-old to read; they figured that was what school was for. And they didn’t obsess for years over which school their kids should attend, because pretty much everybody’s kids went to the local schools, which pretty much everybody considered to be good enough. They didn’t worry that their children would get bored, so they didn’t schedule endless after-school activities and drive their kids to the activities and stand around with other parents watching their kids engage in the activities. Instead they sent their kids out to play. They didn’t worry about how or where they played as long as they got home for dinner, which was very likely to involve gluten.I’m not saying my parents’ generation didn’t give a crap. I’m saying they gave a crap mainly about big things, like providing food and shelter, and avoiding nuclear war. They’d made it through some rough times, and now, heading into middle age, building careers and raising families, they figured they had it pretty good. Not perfect, but pretty good. So at the end of the workweek, they allowed themselves to cut loose—to celebrate their lives, their friendships, their success. They sent the kids off to bed, and they partied. They drank, laughed, danced, sang, maybe stole a piece of an IBM sign. They had fun, grown-up fun, and they didn’t feel guilty about it.Whereas we modern parents, living in the era of Death by Handshake, rarely pause to celebrate the way our parents did because we’re too busy parenting. We never stop parenting. We are all over our kids’ lives—making sure they get whatever they want, removing obstacles from their path, solving their problems and—above all—worrying about what else will go wrong, so we can fix it for them. We’re in permanent trick-or-treat mode, always hovering 8 feet away from our children, always ready to pounce on the apple.”But maybe, just maybe, these are all parenting “best practices” and today’s kids will turn out better because of them.I doubt it.Just as I have many doubts about today’s compliance “best practices.”
Source:https://news.byu.edu/news/byu-researchers-develop-new-wildfire-smoke-emissions-model Reviewed by Kate Anderton, B.Sc. (Editor)Aug 24 2018Chemical engineering researchers from Brigham Young University have developed an advanced model that can help predict pollution caused by wildfire smoke.The research, sponsored by the USDA Forest Service and the Department of Energy, provides a physical model that can more reliably predict soot and smoke emissions from wildfires over a range of conditions.”The smoke that you see from wildfires is a combination of evolved gases and soot,” said Alex Josephson, a Ph.D. student in BYU’s chemical engineering program who also works on the project at Los Alamos National Laboratory. “When we look at smoke as far as health effects, typically we care about those soot particles; and that’s what we’re modeling.”Recent wildfires in the West have caused air quality to tank in a number of major western cities for several days this August, reaching orange and even red levels for long stretches. Orange days are unhealthy for sensitive groups while red-level days are considered unhealthy to all people and can result in serious health effects for children or older individuals.The BYU/Los Alamos-developed model uses detailed physics-based formulas to predict the initial formation of soot particles emitted during wildfires. Experimental measurements of smoke content can involve fairly unsophisticated procedures, such as vacuum sampling of particles as they are produced from a flame.”Billions of dollars are spent on fighting wildfires and this summer it felt like the whole West was on fire,” said David Lignell, professor of chemical engineering and senior author on the study, recently published in academic journal Combustion and Flame. “Besides emissions, soot impacts thermal radiation and flame temperature, which can be important factors in fire spread. Ultimately, understanding the basic physical processes in fires and being able to accurately model them under realistic conditions will aid in predicting smoke emissions and related health effects.”Related StoriesOlympus Europe and Cytosurge join hands to accelerate drug development, single cell researchResearch sheds light on sun-induced DNA damage and repairResearch finds link between air pollution and coronary heart disease in ChinaCurrent wildfire prediction models are too computationally expensive to run for large-scale wildfires. The BYU/Los Alamos-produced model, which looks like something scratched out on a chalkboard in A Beautiful Mind (see image right), provides foundational elements to validate more efficient models that can be applied on supercomputers at a reasonable computational cost.The research is aimed at helping the Forest Service and other wildfire management groups better know the impact of prescribed burns on the surrounding urban environments. (Prescribed burns are one method to help prevent wildfires.) According to Josephson, he’s “providing the tools to give information to help the people that need to make those decisions.””When a natural wildfire occurs, no one is responsible for the emissions because it is an act of nature,” he said. “But when the Forest Service wants to prescribe a fire, then suddenly you are responsible for the smoke and the emissions coming from it. You better understand the emissions before starting a fire that could have serious effects on surrounding communities.”Funding for the research comes more specifically from the Rocky Mountain Research Station of the Forest Service and the Department of Energy’s National Nuclear Security Administration, through the University of Utah’s Carbon Capture Multidisciplinary Simulation Center.While Lignell said there is still a gap between their research and how it directly impacts the air people are breathing, he’s personally invested in bridging that gap — not just as a chemical engineer, but as someone with asthma.”When smoke fills the valley, I take that personally; it really affects people’s lives,” Lignell said. “It certainly makes you pay attention to wildfire issues and makes you want to be a part of working on these issues.”
New data suggest that the particle discovered 2 years ago with the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) in Switzerland is indeed the Higgs boson—the key to physicists’ explanation of how all fundamental particles get their mass. Such particles come in two classes: bosons, which convey forces, and fermions, which make up matter. Previous measurements had shown that the new particle interacts with bosons: Physicists discovered it by spotting it decaying into two photons, the bosons that convey the electromagnetic force, or into two Z bosons, the massive particles that convey the weak nuclear force. Now, researchers working with the mammoth CMS particle detector at the LHC have seen the Higgs decaying into fermions—either two tau leptons (above), heavier cousins of the electron, or two bottom quarks, beefy cousins of the up quarks and down quarks that make up protons and neutrons. Reported online yesterday in Nature Physics, the result strongly suggests that, as it lurks “virtually” in the vacuum, the new particle is the universal mass giver that the Higgs is supposed to be.
More than 5 trillion plastic particles weighing 268,940 tons are estimated to be floating in Earth’s oceans. The new estimate, published today in PLOS ONE, is based on models of floating plastics data gathered from a series of 680 surface net tows and 891 visual surveys from oceans around the world. Currents and winds push the plastics around the world’s oceans, concentrating many of the pieces in five massive midocean gyres in the northern and southern Atlantic, the northern and southern Pacific, and the Indian Ocean. Despite having fewer inputs—due to smaller coastal populations—the amount of plastic in the gyres in the Southern Hemisphere was of similar magnitude to that in the north. That hints that ocean currents may redistribute material between the gyres more easily than thought—or that the most abundant particles, called microplastics (less than 4.75 millimeters), disappear from the sea surface more quickly in the Northern Hemisphere, the researchers found. Based on how plastics break into smaller fragments, the scientists had expected to see even more microplastics than they counted; those missing microplastics, they suggest, could sink more easily below the surface, become stranded on shorelines, be eaten by animals, or break down more rapidly under ultraviolet light from the sun.